Dr. Allen and Dr. Karen Ranney
December 8, 2018 (30 Kislev 5779) Miketz "at the end"
December 8, 2018 (30 Kislev 5779) Miketz "at the end"
“at the end”
This Torah study titled “Miketz” means “at the end,” and teaches that we too can rise from slavery (slavery to sin) to new heights both in this life and in the next if we don’t lose faith in His name. Then in the book of Zechariah, he reveals two more names of Christ. In the book of Luke, we see Jesus revealing Himself as the Anointed, the Healer and the Savior.
Matthew 12:18-21 2 Chronicles 7:14
Isaiah 42:1-4 John 15:8
Miketz “at the end”
The Torah portion this week is titled “Miketz #7093” in Hebrew and means “at the end” or “after.” It is found in Genesis 41:1-44:17.
Genesis 41:1 records pharaoh’s two dreams.
Genesis 41:37 records Joseph’s rise to power.
Genesis 42:1 records Joseph’s brothers going to Egypt and then returning to Canaan.
Genesis 43:1 records Joseph’s brothers returning to Egypt with Benjamin.
Genesis 44:1 records Joseph testing his brothers with the cup.
The Haftarah or prophets portion is in Zechariah 2:10-4:7
Zechariah 2:10 records Zion being encouraged to sing because the Messiah is coming.
Zechariah 3:1 shows the vision of the high priest Joshua.
Zechariah 3:6 records the coming of “The Branch.”
Zechariah 4:1 records the vision of the lampstand and the olive trees.
The Gospel portion is in Luke 4:16-30
Luke 4:16-30 record Jesus being rejected at His home town of Nazareth.
Miketz “at the end”
In last week’s Torah readings, “Vayeshev,” dreams played a major role in the storyline of Joseph’s life, and dreams will again be a central focus through this week’s study.
At the end of chapter 40, Joseph had interpreted the dreams of the butler and the baker. Just as foretold by Joseph, the butler was freed and restored to his position, but the baker was executed for his offense against Pharaoh. Joseph then asked the butler to remember him and mention him to Pharaoh, but, of course the butler didn’t or forgot to.
This is where we get the title for today’s Torah readings from the beginning of Genesis 41:1 (Interlinear Bible), which reads, “and it happened “Miketz #7093” at the end of two years of days, Pharaoh was dreaming. And, lo, he was standing by the river.”
Two full years had passed since the baker was restored to his position and still Joseph was in prison. After the Pharaoh was troubled by dreams none could interpret, the baker remembers. Then Joseph is taken from the dungeon, cleaned up and given a change of clothes to appear before the Pharaoh.
Pharaoh then tells Joseph his dreams of the fat cows and the skinny cows and of the good grain heads and the blighted heads of grain. (Genesis 41:16-36)
In these passages of Scripture, there is a strong emphasis on the word God. In verse 16, Joseph praises the power of God (Elohim #430) in the pagan court of Pharaoh.
“So Joseph answered Pharaoh saying, ‘it is not in me; God (Elohim) will give Pharaoh an answer of peace.’” (Genesis 41:16)
Joseph would not take credit for his ability to interpret dreams, or use his innocence to plead for freedom. He knew God gave him this ability. Joseph said, “God will give Pharaoh an answer of peace.” Joseph must have reasoned the dreams contained half good news and half bad news for Pharaoh.
“Then Joseph said to Pharaoh the dreams are one, God, has shown Pharaoh what He is about to do.” (Genesis 41:25)
Led by the Spirit of God, Joseph reveals that both dreams have the same meaning. He says God (Elohim #430) has shown Pharaoh, again Joseph testifies about the One True God, in the court of a pagan king with its pagan idols, Joseph says God has sent the dreams, God enables him to understand them, and ultimately God controlled and will control all things.
In Genesis 41:28, Joseph tells Pharaoh, God has shown Pharaoh what God is about to do. Joseph uses this phrase twice, emphasizing that it is the One True God, Elohim, who is in control. God put Joseph in Egypt at this exact time, so God could bless Egypt through Joseph, a Hebrew. Then Joseph’s God, the One True and living God, would become known throughout all of the lands of the pagan world, because God promised to bless all the nations of the world through the nation of Israel (Genesis 12:3). Amen.
Genesis 41:32 reads, “And the dream was repeated to Pharaoh twice because the thing is established by God, and God will shortly bring it to pass.” Here, Joseph emphasizes his God, Elohim, the One True God. He makes it clear that he is speaking about the One God, not one of the hundreds of false idols the Egyptians were making and then worshiping, such as the idols that filled Pharaoh’s great Hall or even Pharaoh himself; as it was believed Pharaoh was the sun god incarnate on earth. Without saying so, Joseph shows that it is quite evident Pharaoh isn’t divine, because, why would a god have to ask a man, and a slave at that, what his dream meant? Wow and Amen.
In Genesis 41:38-39, we hear the Pharaoh himself use the name of Joseph’s God. Genesis 41:38 reads, “And Pharaoh said to his servants, ‘can we find such a one as this, a man in whom is the Spirit of God?’ Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, ‘inasmuch as God has shown you all this, there is no one as discerning and wise as you.’”
“Miketz” at the end, Pharaoh acknowledges that Joseph is extraordinarily wise, and more likely Pharaoh, without realizing, testifies to the reality of God’s, Elohim’s, power in Joseph’s life and in all of the world.
Our Bibles, King James version, uses the word G. O. D. in place of the Hebrew word Elohim #430. The Old Testament contains a number of names for our God, which reveal Him in some aspect of His character and dealings with mankind.
A name in the Old Testament was often an indication of that person’s character or of a certain quality of that person, but what one name could be adequate to describe God’s greatness? After all, a name imposes some limitation. It means that an object or a person is this and not that, is here and not there, and if the heaven of heavens cannot contain God, then how can one name describe Him? And until we get to meet Him, we can only glean bits and pieces of His personality or nature through the definitions and meanings we find in our Bible.
The word “Elohim #430” is used 2,570 times in our Bible (KJV). It can refer to the Creator, or the One True God, He is the God of gods, the highest of all. Elohim is used not to indicate a belief in many gods, but to emphasize the majesty of the One True God. Glory, honor and power be to the One True Elohim!
Genesis 41:42-45 reads, “Then Pharaoh took his signet ring off his hand and put it on Joseph’s hand; and he clothed him in garments of fine linen and put a gold chain around his neck. And he had him ride in the second chariot which he had; and they cried out before him, ‘bow the knee!’ So he set him over all the land of Egypt. Pharaoh also said to Joseph, ‘I am Pharaoh, and without your consent no man may lift his hand or foot in all of the land of Egypt.’ And Pharaoh called Joseph’s name Zaphnath-Paaneah. #6847 meaning ‘the god speaks and he lives.’ And Pharaoh gave him as wife Asenath #621 meaning ‘belonging to Neith’ the daughter of Poti-Pherah #6319 priest of On. So Joseph went out over all the land of Egypt.”
Pharaoh here, shows Joseph extraordinary favor. Miraculously, he is given the largest promotion in history. Joseph is elevated from a slave in a dungeon to the second most powerful man in the ancient world and is now living in a palace. And Pharaoh also gives Joseph a new name, Zaphnath-Paaneah #6847 meaning “the god speaks and lives.” At the end “Miketz” Pharaoh mistakenly attributes Joseph’s abilities to Joseph and not to Joseph’s Elohim, but we know God does speak and live in His prophets. Amen.
Zechariah 3:6-10 contains a prophecy about the coming Branch, the coming Messiah out of the root of Jesse.
Here the prophet Zechariah #2148 meaning “Yah has remembered” actually uses two of the coming Messiah’s names in one verse, Servant and Branch.
Servant in Hebrew is “Ebed #5650” which literally translates as “slave.” Jesus Himself uses this terminology in Matthew 12:18 when He quotes Isaiah 42:1, “behold! My servant whom I have chosen, My beloved in whom I am well pleased, I will put My Spirit upon Him and He will declare justice to the Gentiles.” The implication of Jesus’ word was that the mission of God’s Servant was being fulfilled through His teaching and healing ministry.
Compare the lives of Jesus and Joseph:
Joseph was sold into slavery (for 20 pieces of silver) to become savior of his family, a people who would grow into the nation of Israel.
Jesus was sold for a price (30 pieces of silver) to become Savior of the whole world.
Zechariah also uses the name Branch, which in Hebrew is “Tsmach #6780.” The Messiah would be like a new shoot or limb that springs forth from a dead tree or a branch of a tree that produces much fruit. We as His children are bidden to go bear fruit. John 15:8 reads, “By this My Father is glorified, that you bear much fruit; so you will be My disciples.” “Miketz” at the end, we are made to bear fruit in any circumstance in the name of Jesus!
Luke 4:18-19 reads, “The Spirit of the Lord is upon Me, because He has anointed Me to preach the gospel to the poor; He has sent Me to heal the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives and recovery of sight to the blind, to set at liberty those who are oppressed; to proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord.” Amen.
Here on the Sabbath, as He was accustomed (Luke 4:16), Yeshua, Jesus is reading Torah portions from the book of Isaiah chapter 61; in essence proclaiming to the people that He indeed was anointed and had the Spirit of God in Him (the Spirit, like a dove descended upon Him at His baptism by John in John 1:27). He, Yeshua, had healed the brokenhearted as He restored the widow’s son back to her from death (Luke 7:11). He did proclaim liberty to the captives because He could free a person from slavery to sin by forgiveness (John 3:21). He restored the sight of the beggar who called out from the crowd, “son of David” (Luke 18:35-42). He was setting at liberty those who were oppressed by the weight of the Temple law, by His grace, He fulfilled the requirements of the law (Matthew 4 v 17 – 20) He was proclaiming the acceptable year of the Lord, the Jubilee, a reference to the 50th year in which all debt is forgiven, slaves are given their freedom and ancestral lands were given back to their original families (Luke 4 v 21) the year of Jubilee allowed for a new start, Jesus offers a total cancellation from spiritual debt and a new beginning for those who would respond to His message. Amen.
Luke 4:20-21 reads, “Then He closed the book, and gave it back to the attendant and sat down. And the eyes of all who were in the synagogue were fixed upon Him. And He began to say to them, ‘Today this Scripture is fulfilled in your hearing.’ So all bore witness to Him and marveled at the gracious words which proceeded out of His mouth. And they said ‘is this not Joseph’s son?’”
All eyes were on Jesus because He closed the book (scroll) in the middle of a verse (Isaiah 61:2). He did not read the last part because the next phrase, “and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all who mourn” had not yet been fulfilled.
Jesus demonstrates, by signs, wonders and miracles that He was, is and will be our Savior, Yeshua Messiah, bringing salvation to the whole world, Jew and Gentile alike, forever together in the Kingdom of God our Elohim.
At the end “Miketz,” Yeshua, Jesus is the name above all names. “Therefore God also has highly exalted Him and given Him the name which is above every name.” (Philippians 2:9)
2 Chronicles 7:14 reads, “If My people who are called by My name will humble themselves, and pray and seek My face, and turn from their wicked ways, then I will hear from heaven, and I will forgive their sin and heal their land.”
People, beloved of God, do you want to be called by that Name also? All you have to do is ask. Right now, I would like to go over the ABCs of answering to that new name.
A. Admit, admit you have sinned and are sorry you have.
B. Believe, believe Jesus died for that sin, then rose from the grave on the third day.
C. Confess, confess with your mouth that Yeshua Messiah is Lord.
Read Romans 10:8-13 and pray, “Father, fill me with your Spirit, so that I can hear You when You call my name. Thank You, in Jesus’ name I pray. Amen.
If you prayed that prayer, welcome to the family of God! Now go tell a pastor, messianic rabbi or a christian friend they will know what to do next.
Bibliography for Miketz “at the end”
Strong’s Complete Dictionary of Bible words, Thomas Nelson publishing, 1996
Interlinear Bible, the, Hendrickson publishing, 2006
New King James Version of the Bible Thomas Nelson publishers, 2007